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02 May 2020 (Sat), 18:00 Mikhailovsky Classical Ballet and Opera Theatre (established 1833) - Opera "La Juive" (opera in three acts) music by Jacques-François-Fromental-Élie Halévy

Running time: 3 hours 50 minutes (till 21:50)

The performance has 2 intermissions

Schedule for "La Juive" (opera in three acts) music by Jacques-François-Fromental-Élie Halévy 2020

Composer: Fromental Halevy
Libretto: Eugène Scribe
Artistic Director: Vladimir Stolpovskikh
Choreography: Maria Bolshakova
Musical Director: Peter Feranec
Principal Chorus Master: Vladimir Stolpovskikh
Chorus Master: Sergey Tsyplenkov
Stage Director: Arnaud Bernard
Set Designer: Herbert Murauer
Costume Designer: Eva-Mareike Uhlig
Lighting Designer: Reinhard Traub
Chorus Master: Alexey Dmitriev

Orchestra: Mikhailovsky Symphony Orchestra
Opera company: Mikhailovsky Opera

Opera in 3 acts

Performed in French with Russian subtitles.

World premiere: 23 February 1835, Opéra National de Paris
Premiere of this production: 19 February 2010, Mikhailovsky Classical Ballet and Opera Theatre


Back on Stage: 3 May 2018

The Mikhailovsky Theatre turns to the opera that became a cornerstone of the French opera repertoire. La Juive by Jacques François Fromental Halévy is a masterpiece of grand style of the early 19th century. In the productions of the grand style visual effects prevailed over the musical and dramatic logic, however, very soon the trend was conceived as a most convincing implementation of the synthetic nature of musical theatre. The opera combines the elements of lyricism, dramatism and sonority. La Juive is notable for its brilliant vocal parts and complex ensembles.


Musical Director of the revival: Dmitri Korchak
Director of the revival: Yulia Prokhorova
Assistants to the Director of the revival: Elena Piskunova, Vyacheslav Kalyuzhny
Consultant in the French language: Daria Mitrofanova
Director of the Extras: Irina Kuzmina
Surtitles: Margarita Kunitsyna-Tankevich



The production at the Mikhailovsky Theatre by the French stage director Arnaud Bernard and stage designer Herbert Murauer adapts the arresting storyline to modern times.

The unique personality means nothing for the impersonal wheels of state and the opposition is treated taking into account the experience of several generations, who really know the nature of totalitarianism. The opera is set in the city of Constance in 1414 during the time of persecution of Jews. Through the story of an impossible love between a Christian man and a Jewish woman, the work may be seen as a plea for religious tolerance.


La Juive was one of the most popular and admired operas of the 19th century. Its libretto (text) was the work of Eugène Scribe, the prolific dramatic author. Scribe was writing to the tastes of the Opéra de Paris, where the work was first performed – a work in five acts presenting spectacular situations (here the Council of Constance of 1414), which would allow a flamboyant staging in a setting which brought out a dramatic situation which was also underlined by a powerful historical subject. In addition to this, there could be choral interludes, ballet and scenic effects which took advantage of the entire range of possibilities available at the Paris Opera.

Because of the story of an impossible love between a Christian man and a Jewish woman, the work has been seen by some as a plea for religious tolerance, in much the same spirit as Nathan the Wise, which premiered in 1779, Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots which premiered in 1836, a year after La Juive, as well as the 1819 novel Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott which deals with the same theme. At the time of composition, the July Monarchy had liberalised religious practices in France. Meyerbeer and Halévy were both Jewish, and storylines dealing with topics of tolerance were common in their operas. However, reviews of the initial performances show that journalists of the period responded to the liberalism and to the perceived anti-clericalism of Scribe's text, rather than to any specifically Jewish theme.

Some believe that the libretto of La Juive has a goal of reconsidering the status of Jews in French society. Others believe that the clichéd portrayal of the Jew Eléazar as secretive, vengeful and materialistic does not bear out this interpretation.



Synopsis

The events take place in 1930s in a European country

Act I

A town square. The townsfolk are praying. The mayor of the town, Ruggiero, followed by his retinue, appears to inform the people of the victory in the war. A public holiday is announced to celebrate the victory. All the work is to be suspended; holy services are to be held in churches.

The Jew Eléazar, a goldsmith, goes on working. On Ruggiero’s order, the guards bring Eléazar and his daughter Rachel to the mayor. Ruggiero accuses Eléazar of defying the Christian law. The Jew insists that his beliefs do not ban his work and he is not going to follow any traditions of the Christians, who had doomed his family to death. Ruggiero threatens him. Cardinal de Brogni appears. Eléazar rushes to him, praying for forgiveness. Brogni recognizes Eléazar from the days when both men lived in Rome: Brogni was then the city magistrate, who had banished the Jew from Rome. Now Brogni, full of remorse, counsels forgiveness and lets Rachel and Eléazar go, telling Ruggiero that their example may inspire the Jews to turn to the Christian god. Léopold, who is secretly in love with Rachel, has been able to gain entry to Eléazar’s house, disguised as Samuel, a young Jewish painter. Rachel invites him to join her and her father for a Passover Seder the next evening. As the townsfolk return, the lovers hide.

Ruggiero, who has noticed Jews in the crowd of Christians, orders to arrest the Jews. Léopold protects Rachel, and she is spared. Eléazar manages to disappear.

Act II

In Eléazar’s home, „Samuel“ has joined others in celebrating Passover. Rachel realizes that „Samuel“ is not a Jew: he does not know their traditions. Eudoxie, Léopold’s fiancée, comes to Eléazar: she wishes to buy a chain for Léopold. Eudoxie asks Eléazar to deliver the chain to her place. Rachel insists that Léopold should tell the truth about himself. Léopold promises to tell everything at night. Eléazar suspects an affair between the guest and his daughter and, smelling a rat, dismisses Léopold. At night, Léopold returns to Rachel. He confesses that he is a Christian. Rachel is horror struck: according to the law, an affair between a Jew and a Christian is pun-ished by death sentence. Léopold begs her to elope with him. She is on the point of of leaving with him when Eléazar catches them. Léopold admits to Eléazar that he is a Christian. Eléazar is furious; he rushes to Léopold, meaning to kill him. Rachel intervenes, insisting that she is as much to blame as her lover. Moved by Rachel’s pleas, Eléazar consents to her marriage, in case Léopold changes his faith. Léopold has to admit all the truth: he is also Eudoxie’s fiancé. Eléazar calls on God to curse Léopold.

Eléazar followed by his daughter brings the chain commissioned by Eudoxie. Léopold is startled to see them. When Eudoxie presents the chain to Léopold, Rachel leaps forward, tears the chain from Eudoxie, and declares Léopold unworthy to receive such a precious gift. He has had relations with a Jewish girl, a crime for which they both must die. She confesses that Jewish girl is her. Eudoxie is desperate. Léopold does not offer excuses. Since Léopold will not defend himself, Cardinal de Brogni supposes the allegation to be true, and orders to arrest Eléazar, Rachel and Léopold.

Act III

Eudoxie visits Rachel in her prison cell and begs her to deny Léopold’s guilt and to save him. Bringing down her pride, Rachel agrees to save the beloved man. Eudoxie withdraws. Cardinal de Brogni has Eléazar brought before him in an attempt to save them from the sentence, if the Jews renounce Judaism. Eléazar refuses: he is humili-ated with Cardinal’s offer, insulted by Léopold’s behaviour, and is set on revenge. Eléazar has been keeping a secret for many years: Rachel, who had been saved by him, is the daughter of de Brogni. Cardinal knows that the girl had been saved by a Jew. Brogni supposes that Eléazar knows some details and pleads with him to reveal her whereabouts, but Eléazar spurns him. „Die, if you want to“, cries Cardinal de Brogni before leaving. Eléazar and Rachel are ready to die. Eléazar is surprised with the absence of Léopold. Ruggiero tells Eléazar that only two people were condemned to die; Léopold has been sent into exile. Ruggiero explains that Rachel’s testimony saved Léopold.

De Brogni and ordinaries appear. Brogni asks Eléazar once again what became of his daughter. Eléazar keeps silence; he wants vengeance. He tells Rachel that he could save her at the expense of his life. Rachel is steadfast. As Rachel is about to be executed, Eléazar reveals to Brogni that she is his long lost daughter and follows her to his death.





Schedule for "La Juive" (opera in three acts) music by Jacques-François-Fromental-Élie Halévy 2020


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